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2020年度全國苗木供需分析報告(節選)

發布時間: 2020-03-19 11:01 信息來源: 中國林業網 責任編輯: 中國綠色時報 點擊量: 1

2020年度全國苗木供需分析報告(節選)

weizuohaozhongmiaoshengchandanweifugongfuchanhejinmingliangnianzaolinlvhuazhongmiaogongying,guojialinyehecaoyuanjuguoyoulinchanghezhongmiaoguanlisizuzhibeijinglinyedaxuequanguomiaomugongxufenxiyanjiuzudengdanwei,zongjiejinnianlaiquanguogedizaolinlvhuaxinxihezhongmiaoshengchangongyingxinxi,bianzhiwancheng《2020nianduquanguomiaomugongxufenxibaogao》,tichudangqianmiaomushengchanjianyi。

一、全國苗木供需分析

(yi)quanguomiaomugongxuzongtiqingkuang

1.2015-2018nianquanguomiaomugongxuqingkuang

dangdeshijiudabaogaozhichu“lvshuiqingshanjiushijinshanyinshan”,suizhuwoguoduishengtaihuanjingdezhongshiheshengtaiwenmingjianshedetuijin,duimiaomugongyingdeshulianghezhiliangdoutichugenggaodeyaoqiu。jinjinianlai,quanguoyumiaomianji、miaomugongyingliangheshijishiyongliangquyupingwen,qiedoubaochizaijiaogaoshuiping。

2.2020nianduquanguomiaomuxuqiuyuce

suizhuxiangcunzhenxingzhanlvedeshishi,duishengtaihuanjingderiyizhongshi,lvhuashichangjiangzaijin3nianzhongtuixianggaofeng。yujiweilaijiangzhuyaochengxianchuliangzhongqingxiang:

yishicaixieshuzhong、rongqimiaomuxuqiujiada。weizengqiangchengshijijiebianhuaxiaoguo,fengfulvhuasecaixiaoguo,zailvhuagongchengzhongzengjiashiyongdaliangdecaixieshuzhong,cijucuotuidonglecaixieshuzhongdexuqiuliang,danmuqiancileishuzhongmiaojiaguogao。xiangguanbumenyucejinhoucaixieshuzhongqianjingkanhaodepinzhongyou: jinxieyu、yuanbaofengdeng。

lingwai,lvhuagongchengduimiaomudebiaozhunyousuotisheng,zaimiaomudezhengtixing、cunhuolvdengfangmianyaoqiuyuelaiyuegao。rongqimiaojuyouzaizhibushoujijiexianzhi、zhengtixinghao、chenghuolvgaodengtedian,youqizai2020nianteshudeqingkuangxia,rongqimiaodexuqiukongjianjiaoda。erqie,muqianguoneizhongdaxingguigederongqimiaopeiyuyouxian,bunengdapilianggongyingshichang,cunzaihendadefazhankongjian。

ershimuqianshehuifazhanduishengtaihuanjingdexuqiuyuelaiyuegao,guojiayeriyizhongshishengtaiwenmingjianshehelinyefazhan,qizhongtigaosenlinfugailv、duozhongshu、zhonghaoshudengcuoshishifazhanlinyeyushengtaiwenmingjianshedezhongyaojucuo。daguigemiaomu(xiongjing15limiyishang)jixiangtushuzhongmiaomu,jiagejixuqiubuduanshangsheng,beifangshichangqinglaichanglvzhiwu,nanfangluoxieshuzhongxuqiuzengda。buguo,muqianqiaomupinzhongzhongyouxieshuzhongcunpuguigeshangxiao。lingwaishuishengzhiwu、dibeizhiwu、guoshuleidengzhibeixuqiuqiangjing。

ciwai,shouxinguanfeiyanyiqingyingxiang,zhongmiaochanyekenenghuichuxianyixiajizhongqushi: yishiyiqingzaochengxuduozaolingongchengtinggonghuoyanchi,tebieshiduinanfangshengquyingxiangjiaoda,yuanjihuachunjizaolin,youxiekenenggaiweiyujihuoqiujizaolin,yinciduirongqimiaoxuqiuhuiyousuoshangzhang;ershiyiqingjieshuhou,zaolinshigongjizhongmiaozhaotoubiaojizhongkaizhan,huizaochenggongchengmiaochuxianduanqidaliangcaigou;sanshimiaopumiaodejingzhengjiada,qizhongqiaomuxiaomiaohedibei、lvlisuoxumiaomuhenkenengzaiyiqingjieshuhoujizhongshangshixiaoshou,jiagezhanzaisuonanmian。zhengtilaishuo,yuji2020nianquanguomiaomudeshijishiyonglianghuiyousuoxiajiang,yuewei126yizhuzuoyou。

(er)quanguofenshuzhongmiaomugongxufenxi

tongguodui2018nianquanguo67zhongzhuyaolvhuazaolinmiaomujinxingzonghefenxi,zongtijielunruxia:

1.xiangbijiaoyuwangnian,cicimiaomugongyingyanzhongguoshengdeshuzhongjiaoduo,da30zhong(r>2.5),fenbieshi: longbo、gouqi、liushu、dujuan、mudan、yousong、dongbeihongdoushan、yunshan、zhangzisong、jushu、qinghaiyunshan、yinghua、ningtiao、baipisong、yinxing、ziwei、guihua、nvzhen、heiyang、hetao、fatong、tao、shaji、baila、shinan、cihuai、daxiebaila、yushu、huojusong、huabang。

2020nianyumiaojianyi: yishangshuzhongbuyijixufazhan。

2.miaomugongyingxiangduiguoshengdeyou18zhong(1.5<r≤2.5),fenbieshi: dingxiang、huashansong、haitang、shanxing、cebo、guohuai、heisong、pinguo、xuanlingmu、wujiaofeng、suosuo、liushan、luoxiesong、honghuajimu、maweisong、weimao、yangshu、zhuzi。

2020nianyumiaojianyi: yishangshuzhongkeyijinshenfazhan。

3.miaomugongxujibenpinghengdeyou14 zhong(1<r≤1.5),fenbieshi: shidisong、shanmu、fengxiang、xiangzhang、hongsong、cili、youcha、luanshu、muhe、lianqiao、qiushu、huajiao、jinxienvzhen、hongxieshinan。

2020nianyumiaojianyi: yishangshuzhongkeyishidangfazhan。

4.miaomugongyingyanzhongbuzudeyou5zhong(r≤1),fenbieshi: anshu、putao、maobaiyang、mujin、shuiquliu。

2020nianyumiaojianyi: anshushouyixieshengquzaolinzhengcedeyingxiang,buyidalifazhan,chuanshuwaideqitashuzhongkeyidalifazhan。

二、分地區苗木供需分析

……

(si)huazhongdiqu

該地區包括河南省、湖北省、湖南省。

1.huazhongdiqumiaomugongxuzongtiqingkuang

(1)2015-2018nianhuazhongdiquyumiaomianjihemiaomushijishiyongliangchengzhunianxiajiangqushi。

(2)2020nianduhuazhongdiqumiaomuxuqiuyuce

jinnianlai,huazhongdiquzhongdiankaizhanyizhongduanzhouqiyongcailinweizhudeguojiachubeilinjianshe,geshengdemiaomujianshegongchengzhuyaobaokuo: henanshengguotulvhuaxingdonggongchengyusenlinzhiliangjingzhuntishenggongcheng,hunanshengsenlinshengtaixitongbaohuyuxiufujianshegongcheng,hubeishengjingzhunmiehuanggongcheng、changjiangjingjidaishengtaibaohugongcheng、changjianglianganzaolinlvhuagongcheng、yuanliaolinjidijianshe、mubenliangyoujidijianshe、tesejingjilinjianshedeng。guotulvhuayujingzhunmiehuanghuitigaoduiliangzhongzhuangmiaotebieshirongqimiaodexuqiu。yuanliaolinjidijianshejianghuikuodaduisushenglin、zhenguixiangtushuzhongdexuqiu。

jinnian,huazhongdiqu,youqishihubeishengshoudaoxinguanfeiyanyiqingyingxiangjiaoda,miaomushiyongliangkenengjiaoyucezhiyoumingxianjiangfu。yuce2020nianhuazhongdiqumiaomudeshiyonglianghuiyousuoxiajiang,yuewei18yizhu。buguo,congshengtaibaohugongchengyugexianglvhuagongcheng、miaomujidijianshedezhengcefangxianglaikan,xinpinzhonglvhuamiaomu、xiangtushuzhongdeshiyongliangrengyoubufentishengkongjian。

2. huazhongdiqufenshuzhongmiaomugongxufenxi

duihuazhongdiqu37zhongzhuyaolvhuazaolinmiaomujinxingfenxi,jielunruxia:

(1)miaomugongyingyanzhongguoshengdeyou11zhong(r>2.5),fenbieshi: shinan、guihua、nvzhen、qiushu、ziwei、yinxing、baila、wujiaofeng、zhangshu、tao、liushu。

2020nianyumiaojianyi: yishangshuzhongbuyijixufazhan。

(2)miaomugongyingxiangduiguoshengdeyou12zhong(1.5<r≤2.5),fenbieshi: cebo、hetao、yulan、maweisong、minnan、yuanbaofeng、maguamu、yinghua、hongxieli、yangshu、cihuai、paotong。

2020nianyumiaojianyi: yishangshuzhongkeyijinshenfazhan。

(3)miaomugongxujibenpinghengdeyou10zhong(1<r≤1.5),fenbieshi: hongdoushan、youyongmudan、muhe、xiangzhang、shanmu、shidisong、fengxiang、luanshu、huangyang、xinyi。

2020nianyumiaojianyi: yishangshuzhongkeyishidangfazhan。

(4)miaomugongyingyanzhongbuzudeyou4zhong(r≤1),fenbieshi: youcha、huojusong、houpu、zhennan。

2020nianyumiaojianyi: yishangshuzhongkeyidalifazhan。

……

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