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塞罕壩精神: 奮斗創造綠色奇跡 實踐詮釋“兩山”理念

發布時間: 2021-01-22 15:33 信息來源: 亞博APP 責任編輯: 光明日報 點擊量: 1

塞罕壩精神: 奮斗創造綠色奇跡 實踐詮釋“兩山”理念

光明日報 記者 耿建擴 陳元秋)春有群山抹綠,雪映杜鵑;夏有林海滴翠,百花爛漫;秋有赤橙黃綠,層林盡染;冬有白雪皚皚,銀裝素裹……首都北京向北400多公里,有一彎“深綠”,像一只展開雙翅的雄鷹,緊緊扼守內蒙古渾善達克沙地南緣,與河北承德、張家口等地的茂密森林連成一體,筑起一道綠色長城,成為京津冀和華北地區的風沙屏障、水源衛士。這,就是塞罕壩機械林場。

hennanxiangxiang,zai20shiji50niandai,saihanbaqueshiyipian“huangshazhetianri,feiniaowuqishu”dehuangliangjingxiang。caomubujian,huangshamiman,fengqishayong,sinvedipuxiangbeijingcheng。

cong1962niankaishi,sandaisaihanbarenyong50duoniandeshijian,jiangzhepiancengjinglinmuxishu、fengshasinvedehuangpigaoling,bianwei112wanmurengonglinhai。zhelide4.8yikeshumu,paiqilaikeyiraodiqiu12quan。

saihanba,meinianweijingjindiqushusongjingshui1.37yilifangmi、shifangyangqi55wandun,shishouweijingjindezhongyaoshengtaipingzhang。

2017nian8yue,xijinpingzongshujiduisaihanbalinchangjianshezheganrenshijizuochuzhongyaozhishizhichu,55nianlai,hebeisaihanbalinchangdejianshezhementingcongdangdezhaohuan,zai“huangshazhetianri,feiniaowuqishu”dehuangmoshadishangjiankufendou、ganyufengxian,chuangzaolehuangyuanbianlinhaiderenjianqiji,yongshijixingdongquanshilelvshuiqingshanjiushijinshanyinshandelinian,zhujiulelaojishiming、jiankuchuangye、lvsefazhandesaihanbajingshen。tamendeshijiganrenzhishen,shituijinshengtaiwenmingjianshedeyigeshengdongfanli。

shenmeshisaihanbajingshen?saihanbajingshenyiweizhushenme?xunzhulvsedezhaohuan,chuanxingzailinhaili,congmeikeshu、meigesaihanbarenshenshang,womenzhaodaoledaan。

使命在身 接續拼搏甘奉獻

1962nian,yuanguojialinyebujinjicongquanguo18geshengshide24suodazhongzhuanyuanxiaodiaopei127mingbiyesheng,hedangdi242mingganbugongrenyiqi,zujiansaihanbajixielinchang,xianghuangmojinjun。

“gaibiandangdiziranmianmao,baochishuitu,weijianshaojingjindidaifengshaweihaichuangzaotiaojian。”yuanguojiajiweizaipizhunjianchangfanganshi,fachulezhe27zihaozhao。

1962nian,20suichutoudezhaozhenyushichengdenongzhuannongxuezhuanyedeyingjiebiyesheng,tazaizhiyuanquxiangyilanzhongxiexiadeshi: fucongzuzhifenpei。jitianhou,tahedajiayiqichangzhugeshangleba,chenglediyidaisaihanbaren,houlaichengweisaihanbajixielinchangzongchangyuanfuchangchang。

ganggang40suidewangshanghai,dangshishichengdediqunongyejujuchang。zhegekangzhanshiqideyoujiduichang,xiangshiyaobenfuxindezhanchang,daizhuqizihaizishangleba,churensaihanbajixielinchangdiyirendangweishuji。

1964nian,hebeishengchengdeshichengdeerzhongyigesushede6weinvxuesheng,jitigeilinchangxieleyifengqingyuanxin,shiyanjiangqingchunxiangeisaihanbadezhuanglishiye。linchangzhengzhongdixiangtamenbiaoshihuanying。jiemei6gehuanhuqueyuebenfubashang,shuxiele“liunvshangba”deshidaichuanqi。

xiangyingdangdehaozhao,tingcongdangdezhaohuan,wanchengdangderenwu,zongyouqiannanwanxianzaisuobuci。saihanbarendexinnianhejianchi,rangtingdaozhexiedangqihuichanggushiderenmenweizhidongrong。

saihanbarenbuweijiannan,yucuoyuyong,kefuleyigegekunnan,chuangguoleyidaodaonanguan。gaijin“shuitubufu”desulianzaolinjixiehezhimiaoqiao,gaibianchuantongdezheyinyumiaofa,zaigaoyuandiqushoucichenggongshixianquanguangyumiao。1962nian、1963nianliangcizaolinshibaihou,yu1964nianchuntiankaizhan“matikengzaolindahuizhan”,zaolinchenghuolvdadao90%yishang。congci,saihanbadezaolinshiyekaizumali,zuiduoshi1nianzaolin8wanmu。

1984nian,hebeilinyezhuankexuexiaobiyeshengliuhaiyinglaidaosaihanba,chengweijicenglinchangdedierdaisaihanbaren。zhugongpeng、hexueshui、kenxiancai、chilengfan,jiankudehuanjingzhong,laoyidaiwulinrendebangyangliliangshitajianchixialaidezuidadongli。daohoulaidanrensaihanbajixielinchangzongchangchangchang,liuhaiyingyuchangneigongchengjishurenyuangongtongtansuochuyitaoshihesaihanbadiqutediandesenlinjingyingmoshi,chengweiquanguosenlinjingyingdeyangben。

2005nian,hebeinongyedaxuelinxuezhuanyebenkebiyeshengyushitao,chengledisandaisaihanbaren。zouguolezuichudejimohemihuohou,tashenshendiaishanglezhepianhaohanlinhai,yujishurenyuanyiqiwanchengle“senlinfanghuoguanjianjishuyanjiu”deng6dalinyejianduanketi,xianyichengchangweisaihanbafenchangchangchang。

xinzhongyoulixiang,jiaoxiayouliliang。saihanbarendelixiangjiushijianjuewanchengdangjiaogeiderenwu,xinnianjiushiyidingyaoranghuangyuanpishanglvzhuang,youlezhezhong“geminglixianggaoyutian”dejingshenliliang,tamendegutougengying,yizhigengjian,banfagengduo。

2012nian,dangdeshibadazhaokai,shengtaiwenmingjianshebeitishengzhiqiansuoweiyoudegaodu,zhongguoshengtaiwenmingjianshekaiqixindezhengcheng。saihanbadelvsegongjian,yexiangzhugengqiangdebaoleijinfa。

zuihoudejin9wanmushizhihuangshan,daduoyanshiluolu,tucengzhiyoujilimi,zuidapodudadao46du,haobizaiqingshibanshangzhongshu。zaishizhihuangshanzaolin,lianzhuanjiadouduandingzhongshunanhuo。saihanbarencaiqudaxuezhengdi、ketu、fumodengcuoshi,rangzhe9wanduomushizhihuangshanquanbushixianlezaolinlvhua。

“yuxuelaichapu,niaoshouraowomian。jingfengyangfengsha,yanshuangxiangbeibian。”diyipishangbadelixiuzhulaorendezheshoushi,daochulejidaisaihanbarenlaojishiming、chuangzaoqijidehaomaiqigai。

zainan,shu,dounengyikekezhongchulai;zainan,lvseqiji,dounengyibubuganchulai!zaisaihanbajingshenguwuxia,gengduode“saihanbaren”zaishenzhoudadibuduanyongxian。

zaiyanzhaodadi,“taixingshanshangxinyugong”libaoguojiaoshou35nianruyiri,baketangbandaotianjianditou,balunwenxiezaitaixingshanshang,dailingxiangqinmenzhaoxunshengtaituopinzhifudexinluzi。taxianhouqudeyanjiuchengguo28xiang;tuiguanglinyejishu36xiang,jishutuiguangmianji1826wanmu;daidongshanqunongminzengshou58.5yiyuan。

zaiyunnanbaoshan,cengrendiweishujideyangshanzhoutuixiuhou,zhudongfangqianxiangwanniandejihui,dailingqunzhonglijinjianxinyiwuzhishuzaolin5.6wanmu,rangdaliangshanpishanglvzhuang。2009nian4yue,yangshanzhoujiangjiazhichaoguo3yiyuandedaliangshanlinchangjingyingguanliquanwuchangjiaogeiguojia。

“fengqishashizou,shinianjiubushou。”“huangshanbianchenglvhaiyang,bainiaohuanchanghuaguoxiang。”zhexinlaomingemiaohuideshishanxiyouyuxianjishinianjiandeshengtaijubian——senlinfugailvyoubudao0.3%dao52%,fanle170duobei。xinzhongguochengliyilai,youyuxianlirendangzhenglingdaobanzituanjiedailingquanxiandangyuanganbuqunzhongdalizhishuzaolin,gaishanshengtaihuanjing,shiyouyuxianyuyibanmianjibeisenlinfugai。

不畏艱苦 奮斗創新不停步

jiankuchuangye,yizhishisaihanbarenfendoudezhuxuanlv。congtuohuangzhilvdaohulinyinglin,saihanbarencongweitingxiachuangyedejiaobu。saihanbadechuangyeshi,yeshiyibuzhongguogaohanshadizaolinkejigongguandechuangxinshi。saihanbarenduilvsefazhandezhizhu,tixianzaiyanjinqiushi、dadanchuangxindekexuetaidushang。congzaolingongjudegaigedaojixiezaolindechenggong,congyilizhongzidaozhuangmiaoshangshan,congyikeyoumiaodaowanqinglinhai,ningjulekejirenyuandehanshuihezhihui。

zaisaihanbagongzuole20duoniandeyuanhebeishenglinyetingtingchanglixingyuan,tongguoyinjinzhangzisongzhongzi,yongxuezangzhongziyumiaofa,chenggongpeiyuchulezhangzisongzhuangmiao,congcizhangzisongzaibashangluodishenggen,jiejueleshadi、shizhiyangpozaolinlvhuashuzhongwenti,jintianguoneitongleidiquyiranxiaofangxuexi。

weilejiakuaizaolinjindu,jinkuaihuifubendidesenlinzhibei,1962nianlaidaolinchangdeyuanlinyebuzaolinsigongchengshizhangqienhegongrenmenbianganbianyanjiugaijinlezhimiaoqiao,chuangzaole“sanqiaobanfengxizhimiaofa”,kansijiandandeyicha、yiti、yining,quebichuantongfangfazaolingongxiaotigaoyibeiyishang。

shadizaolinnanshangnan,linchangyiguoshidelaokechangwangwenludangniandailingjishurenyuan,fanfushiyan,chuangxinleshajidaizhuangmizhi、liutiaokuangketuzaolindengyixiliexinfangfa。

“buchiyukongxiang,buwuyuxusheng。”kexueqiushi、chuangxinbuzhi,zaisaihanbajidaizhuanyejishurenyuanzhongjielichuancheng,tamendexuduochengguohuoguojia、shengbujijiangli,bufenchengguotianbushijietongleiyanjiulingyudekongbai,guojiahehebeishengduoxiangzaolin、fanghuobiaozhunheguicheng,huoshiyousaihanbalinchangbianzhi,huoshicaiyonglelinchangtigongdejishushuju。

saihanbade“lv”qishirenmen,zaituijinshengtaiwenmingjianshezhong,yaotuchuzunzhongzirandelinian,tigaokejichuangxinzaizaolinzhongdezhichengzuoyong。dangdeshibadayilai,woguozhishuzaolinjinchengjiakuai,linyekejishuipingbuduantigao,zhishuzaolindezhiliangyededaoxianzhutisheng。

zhongguolinkeyuanlinyesuosuochangzhangjianguoshuo,jinnianlaisuizhulinyekejidefazhan,linmuyumiaojishuhezaolinjishubuduantisheng,yinianzhongshihezaolinlvhuadeshijianmingxianyanchang,zaolinjijieyibushiyingxianghexianzhizhishuzaolinjindudezhuyaoyinsu。

yucitongshi,xindezaolinlilunhemoshiyebuduanxianxian。rujiyujinziranjingyinglilun,rengonglindeyingzaokaishicaiyongduoshuzhonghunjiaomoshi,xingchengfucenglinfenjiegou,linfenshengwuduoyangxinghewendingxingxianzhutigao,senlindeshengtaigongnenghexiaoyibuduantisheng。

“yuyiqianzhizhongshizaolinguimobutong,rujinwomenyaokexuezaolin、guihuaxianxing。”jiangxishenglinyejuzaolinlvhuachuchuchanglijunshuo,zaizaolinlvhuaguochengzhongjiangxikaishituidongzaolinjiegouyoudanyishuzhongxiangzhenkuohunjiaolinzhuanbian,jianliwendingjiankangdeshengtaitixi。tongshi,zaiguihuazaolinlvhuagongchengshi,yangouguheshanjiyaotongbuguihuafanghuogelidai、fanghuotongdaojianshe,zuodaojinyoutongdao、tuiyouyudi。

zaixionganxinqu,“qiannianxiulin”xiangmujianshe3nianduoyilai,yitaoshihedaguimozhishuzaolindehezuozaolinxinjizhizhengzaibuduanshishi。xinjizhixia,tongguochuangjianliangxingzhifushengtai,rangziyuanbianzichan、zijinbiangujin、nongminbiangudong,diaodongqunzhongcanyuzhishuzaolindezhudongxinghejijixing。ciwai,“qiannianxiulin”demeizhushumiaoshangdouguazhuyigedaiyouerweimadelvzhixiaobiaopai,tongguotakechaxunmiaomudeshuzhong、chandi、shengchangxinxideng。

zaolinlvhua、fuyuguanhu、renzhongrenyang、sheshixiujian……jinnianlai,gedibuduanchuangxinzaolinfangshi,rangquanminyiwuzhishugongzuoxianggengshencengci、gengguanglingyu、gengdafanweifazhan。tebieshisuizhuhulianwangyingyongdetuiguangpuji,“wangluozhishu”yijingchengweikeneng,bujinzengjinleyiwuzhishudequnzhongxingheguangfanxing,erqiejifaleyiwuzhishudechengjiuganherongyugan。

2018nian11yue,quanguolvhuaweiyuanhui、guojialinyehecaoyuanjufabu《guanyujijituijindaguimoguotulvhuaxingdongdeyijian》,mingquetichuzou“zunxunzunzhongziran、shunyingziran、baohuzirandeshengtaiwenminglinian,jianchiguihuatongchou,youhuashengchan、shenghuo、shengtaikongjian,jianchiyindizhiyi、kexuelvhua,yishuidinglin(cao)、liangshuierxing,qiaoguancaojiehe、fengfeizaobingju”dekexuezaolinzhilu。

綠色發展 賡續初心鑄忠誠

senlinmeishengchangchu1lifangmidelinmuxujiliang,pingjunkexishou1.83duneryanghuatan,shifang1.62dunyangqi,zheshidaziranhuikuigeisaihanbadejudacaifu。

“huangyuanbianchengsenlin,senlinhuanlailvshuiqingshan,lvshuiqingshanzaiwushengwuxizhongbianchengjinshanyinshan,saihanbaxingchengleliangxingxunhuanfazhanliantiao。”saihanbajixielinchangzongchangchangchangchenzhiqingshuo。

saihanbafazhanjinchengzhong,youyiduanwufahuibidezhentongqi。dangshi,mucaixiaoshouzhanlinchangquanbushourude90%yishang,xiaoshouqudaodanyi,zhuyaogongyinggeimeikuangyongyuxiangdaozhihu。suizhugedixiaomeikuangjielianguanbituichu,mucaijiagedierugudi。

hongxianzhixia,saihanbajianlilejiyangedelinyeshengchanzerenzhuijiuzhi,yidanfaxianchaoxuji、yuejiecaifalinmuxingwei,shixingyipiaofoujuezhi,jianjuezhuijiuzeren。

saihanbarenbingqilemaimucaidechuantongjingyingfangshi,bazuishanchangdeyumiaotouruchanyejingying。jinianshijian,8wanyumulvhuamiaomujidiyipiannenlv,1800yuwanzhushumiaokegongshangyexiaoshou,meiniangeilinchangdailaijinqianwanyuanshouru。

zaikaifalvyoushang,saihanbarensuanqinglekaifayubaohudedazhang,yangekongzhiruyuanrenshu、kongzhiruyuanshijian、kongzhikaifaquyu、kongzhizhanlinmianji。

lvsefazhan,shisaihanbajingshendegenji。conghuangshanzaolindaoshengtaiyulin,congtigongyuanmucailiaodaotigongshengtaichanpin,conglvshuiqingshandaojinshanyinshan,saihanbarenzouchuleyitiaoshengtaixiaoyiyujingjixiaoyi、shehuixiaoyibingzhongdelvsefazhanzhilu。saihanbarenbaduizirandepusuganqingshenghuaweiduilvsefazhandejiandingxinyang,yidaijiezhuyidaigan,shuxielezhongguoshengtaiwenmingjianshedangzhiwukuidefanli。

zhuanjiazhichu,“zaijihan、ganhan、gaohaibadejiankuelietiaojianxia,saihanbadounenggoujianchengzhongguoshengtaiwenmingjianshede‘qijiling’,qitadifangwanquannengzouchuyitiaokefuzhideshengtaiwenmingzhilu。”

zaiyanzhaodadi,yigeyouyigelvsechuanqibuduanxuxie。jingguobangeduoshijichixubuduandezaolinlvhua,hebeiyoulindimianjibixinzhongguochenglichuqizengchangle10duobei,tebieshijin5nianlai,quanshengmeinianwanchengzaolinlvhuamianjidouzai500wanmuyishang,quanshengsenlinfugailvyou20shiji80niandaichude9.64%tigaodaomuqiande34%。zaibeijingdongaohuijubandizhiyidezhangjiakoushichongliqu,dangdicong2015nianyilaileijiwanchengtouzi27.93yiyuan,xinzengzaolinmianji72.3wanmu,senlinfugailvcong2015niande52.38%tigaodao67%,aoyunhexinquzedadao80%。

fangyanquanguo,dangdeshibadayilai,“liangshan”linianshenrurenxin,shengtaiwenmingdingcengshejihezhidutixijianshejiakuaituijin,wuranzhiliqianglituijin,lvsefazhanchengxiaomingxian,shengtaihuanjingzhiliangchixugaishan,yifumeilizhongguoxinhuajuanzhengxuxuzhankai。

tudishamohuadezhili,conglaidoushiyigeshijiexingnanti,erwoguoquechuangzaochuzhishachenggonganli——maowusushamozhili。70nianlai,shanxiyulinyimeinian1.62%dehuangmohuanizhuanlv,buduansuoxiaomaowusushamodemianji。jintian,maowusudiqudeshahuazhililvyidadaole93.24%,zhepianshamoshengmingjiangjin,jijiangtuichulishiwutai。

ningxiaxihaigu,cengjing“kujijiatianxia”。zheliganhanqueshui、shengtaiehua、dijiminpin,zhidao20shiji90niandaizhongqi,nongminnianrenjunchunshourushangbuzu600yuan。yiminbanqian,baiwannongminchushenshan;tuigenghuanlin、fengcaojinmu、fengshanyulin,shishizuiyangedeshengtaibaohucuoshi;rengongzaolin、feibozaolin,duozhongzenglvjucuoqitoubingjin……rujinxingzouzaixihaigu,yishimanyancangcui,huanlerenjian。

dangdeshibadayilai,zhongguohuadingbingyanshoushengtaibaohuhongxian、jinzhiyanglajirujing、jiansheshengtaihuanjingjiancewangluo、goujianlvsejinrongtixi、shixinghechangzhihuchangzhideng,yixilieshengtaiwenmingtizhigaigejucuoxiangjichutai。kaizhanshengtaiwenmingshiyanqu、shengtaihuanjingsunhaipeichangzhidudenggaigeshidian,zhongxinzujianshengtaihuanjingbuheziranziyuanbu,weishengtaiwenmingtizhigaigechixushenhuajileijingyan、diandingjichu。zaishengtaiwenmingjianshelingyu,zhidingxiudingdefalvdashijibuzhiduo,chulexinhuanbaofa,huanyoudaqiwuranfangzhifa、yeshengdongwubaohufa、huanjingyingxiangpingjiafadeng,chengweiezhihuanjingweifafanzuixingweideyouliwuqi。

bangeduoshijiguoqule,henggenzaihebeizuibeibudesaihanbaxiandeyufanianqing,yufazhuangli。lijiumixindesaihanbajingshen,shenshenjuankezaimeiyizhushumuzhishang,rongrulesaihanbadesijiyuchenhun。zhemianjingshenqizhi,zhengyuanyuanbuduandihuijuqiqiangdaliliang,jilizhuquanguorenminkuobuzouzaishengtaiwenmingjianshede“qijiling”shang。

來源: 國家林業和草原局政府網 http://www.forestry.gov.cn/2021-01-22


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