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國務院辦公廳關于科學綠化的指導意見

發布時間: 2021-06-07 17:57 信息來源: 中國政府網 責任編輯: 中國政府網 點擊量: 1

國務院辦公廳關于科學綠化的指導意見

國辦發〔2021〕19號

gesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashirenminzhengfu,guowuyuangebuwei、gezhishujigou:

kexuelvhuashizunxunziranguilvhejingjiguilv、baohuxiufuziranshengtaixitong、jianshelvshuiqingshandeneizaiyaoqiu,shigaishanshengtaihuanjing、yingduiqihoubianhua、weihushengtaianquandezhongyaojucuo,duijiansheshengtaiwenminghemeilizhongguojuyouzhongdayiyi。weituidongguotulvhuagaozhiliangfazhan,jingguowuyuantongyi,xiantichuyixiayijian。

一、總體要求

(yi)zhidaosixiang。yixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,quanmianguanchedangdeshijiudaheshijiujieerzhong、sanzhong、sizhong、wuzhongquanhuijingshen,shenruguanchexijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiang,renzhenluoshidangzhongyang、guowuyuanjuecebushu,lizuxinfazhanjieduan、guanchexinfazhanlinian、goujianxinfazhangeju,jianxinglvshuiqingshanjiushijinshanyinshandelinian,zunzhongziran、shunyingziran、baohuziran,tongchoushanshuilintianhucaoshaxitongzhili,zoukexue、shengtai、jiejiandelvhuafazhanzhilu;jiaqiangguihuayinling,youhuaziyuanpeizhi,qianghuazhiliangjianguan,wanshanzhengcejizhi,quanmiantuixinglinchangzhi,kexuekaizhandaguimoguotulvhuaxingdong,zengqiangshengtaixitonggongnengheshengtaichanpingonggeinengli,tishengshengtaixitongtanhuizengliang,tuidongshengtaihuanjinggenbenhaozhuan,weijianshemeilizhongguotigonglianghaoshengtaibaozhang。

(er)gongzuoyuanze。

——jianchibaohuyouxian、ziranhuifuweizhu,rengongxiufuyuziranhuifuxiangjiehe,zunxunshengtaixitongneizaiguilvkaizhanlincaozhibeijianshe,zhulitigaoshengtaixitongziwoxiufunenglihewendingxing。

——jianchiguihuayinling、dingcengmouhua,helibujulvhuakongjian,tongchoutuijinshanshuilintianhucaoshayitihuabaohuhexiufu。

——jianchiyindizhiyi、shidishilv,chongfenkaolvshuiziyuanchengzainengli,yiqiaozeqiao、yiguanzeguan、yicaozecao,goujianjiankangwendingdeshengtaixitong。

——jianchijieyueyouxian、lianglierxing,tongchoukaolvshengtaihelixinghejingjikexingxing,shulianghezhiliangbingzhong,jiejianwushikaizhanguotulvhua。

二、主要任務

(san)kexuebianzhilvhuaxiangguanguihua。difangrenminzhengfuyaozuzhibianzhilvhuaxiangguanguihua,yuguotukongjianguihuaxiangxianjie,diejiazhitongjiguotukongjianguihua“yizhangtu”,shixianduoguiheyi。luoshizuiyangedegengdibaohuzhidu,heliquedingguihuafanwei、lvhuamubiaorenwu;chengshilvhuaguihuayaomanzuchengshijiankang、anquan、yijudeyaoqiu。difangrenminzhengfuyaojiaqiangduilvhuaxiangguanguihuashishidejianchaheduculuoshi,renhebumen、danweihuogerenbudesuiyibiangengguihua,budeshanzigaibianlvhuayongdimianji、xingzhiheyongtu。(guojialincaoju、guojiafazhangaigewei、ziranziyuanbu、zhufangchengxiangjianshebu、jiaotongyunshubu、shuilibudenganzhizefengongfuze,difangrenminzhengfufuzeluoshi。yixiajunxudifangrenminzhengfuluoshi,buzailiechu)

(si)helianpailvhuayongdi。gediyaogenjudisanciquanguoguotudiaochashujuheguotukongjianguihua,zonghekaolvtudiliyongjiegou、tudishiyixingdengyinsu,kexuehuadinglvhuayongdi,shixingjingzhunhuaguanli。yiyilinhuangshanhuangdihuangtan、huangfeiheshousunshanti、tuihualindicaodidengweizhukaizhanlvhua。jiehechengshigengxin,caiquchaiweijianlv、liubaizenglvdengfangshi,zengjiachengshilvdi。gulitedachengshi、chaodachengshitongguojiansheyongditengnuo、nongyongdizhuanyongdengfangshijiadaliubaizenglvlidu,liuzulvhuakongjian。gulitongguonongcuntudizonghezhengzhi,liyongfeiqixianzhitudizengjiacunzhuanglvdi;jiehegaobiaozhunnongtianjianshe,kexueguifan、yinhaishefangjianshenongtianfanghulin。yifaheguikaizhantielu、gonglu、hequliangce,hukuzhoubiandenglvhuajianshe。yanjinweiguizhanyonggengdilvhuazaolin,quexuzhanyongde,bixuyifayiguiyangelvxingshenpishouxu。ezhigengdi“feinonghua”、fangzhi“feilianghua”。yanjinkaishanzaodi、tianhutianhailvhua,jinzhizaihehuguanlifanweineizhongzhizuaixinghongdelinmu。(ziranziyuanbu、guojialincaoju、zhufangchengxiangjianshebu、jiaotongyunshubu、shuilibu、nongyenongcunbu、zhongguoguojiatielujituanyouxiangongsidenganzhizefengongfuze)

(wu)heliliyongshuiziyuan。guotulvhuayaochongfenkaolvjiangshui、dibiaoshui、dixiashuidengshuiziyuandeshikongfenbuhechengzainengli,jianchiyishuierding、liangshuierxing,yilvzelv、yihuangzehuang,kexuehuifulincaozhibei。nianjiangshuiliang400haomiyixiaganhanbanganhandiqudelvhuaguihuayaojingguoshuiziyuanlunzheng,yiyuyang、jieshuiweidaoxiang,yihuifuguancaozhibeiweizhu,tuiguangqiaoguancaojiehedelvhuamoshi,tichangdimiduzaolinyulin,heliyunyongjishui、jieshuizaolinzhongcaojishu,fangzhiguoduyongshuizaochengshengtaihuanjingpohuai。jiaqiangrengongzengyuzuoye,tigaozaolinlvhuaxiaolv。tongchoushenghuo、shengchan、shengtaiyongshuixuqiu,helipeizhilvhuayongshui,shiduyouxukaizhanchengzhenzhoubianjieshuilvhua。lvzhounongyequyaochongfenkaolvshuiziyuantiaojian,jiaqiangtianranlvzhouheshengtaiguodudaibaohu,jiangulvzhoubaohuhenongtianfanghulinyongshuixuqiu,heliquedingzaolinguimohemidu,quebaonongyeshengtaipingzhangkechixufazhan。(guojialincaoju、shuilibu、nongyenongcunbu、zhongguoqixiangjudenganzhizefengongfuze)

(liu)kexuexuanzelvhuashuzhongcaozhong。jijicaiyongxiangtushuzhongcaozhongjinxinglvhua,shenshenshiyongwailaishuzhongcaozhong。gediyaozhidingxiangtushuzhongcaozhongminglu,tichangshiyongduoyanghuashuzhongyingzaohunjiaolin。genjuzirandiliqihoutiaojian、zhibeishengchangfayuguilv、shenghuoshengchanshengtaixuyao,helixuanzelvhuashuzhongcaozhong。jiangheliangan、hukuzhoubianyaoyouxianxuanyongkangnixingqiang、genxifada、gutunengliqiang、fanghuxingnenghaodeshuzhongcaozhong。ganhanqueshui、fengshayanzhongdiquyaoyouxianxuanyongnaiganhan、naijibo、kangfengshadeguanmushuzhonghecaozhong。haiandaiyaoyouxianxuanyongnaiyanjian、naishuishi、kangfengnengliqiangdeshengenxingshuzhong。shuituliushiyanzhongdiquyaoyouxianxuanyonggenxifada、gutubaoshuinengliqiangdefanghushuzhongcaozhong。shuiretiaojianhao、tucengshenhoudiquyaoyouxianxuanyongshengchangkuai、chanlianggao、kangbingchonghaideyouliangzhenguiyongcaishuzhong。juminquzhoubianyaojianguqunzhongjiankangyinsu,bimianxuanyongyizhirentiguomindeshuzhongcaozhong。jiadaxiangtushuzhongcaozhongcaizhongshengchan、zhongmiaofanyujidijianshelidu,yindaoyixudingchan、dingdanyumiao、jiujinyumiao,bimianchangjulidiaoyunlvhuazhongmiao。(guojialincaoju、shuilibudenganzhizefengongfuze)

(qi)guifankaizhanlvhuashejishigong。chengdanguojiatouzihuoyiguojiatouziweizhudelvhuaxiangmujianshedanweiyaobianzhizuoyesheji(huolvhuafangan,xiatong),lvhuaxiangmuzhuguanbumenyaohuitongxiangguanbumenduizuoyeshejideyongdi、yongshui、jishucuoshidengjinxinghelixingpingjia,bingjiandushishi。shehuipubianguanxinqiezhengfuzhudaodezhongdalvhuaxiangmu,bixujingguokexuelunzheng,guangfantingqugefangmianyijian。jiaqianglvhuashigongguanli,chongfenbaohuyuanshengzhibei、yeshengdongwuqixidi、zhenxizhiwudeng,jinzhihuihuaibiaotu、quankenzhengdideng,bimianzaochengshuituliushihuotudituihua。(guojialincaoju、ziranziyuanbu、zhufangchengxiangjianshebu、jiaotongyunshubu、shuilibu、zhongguoguojiatielujituanyouxiangongsidenganzhizefengongfuze)

(ba)kexuetuijinzhongdianquyuzhibeihuifu。genjuquanguozhongyaoshengtaixitongbaohuhexiufuzhongdagongchengzongtibuju,zhenduizhongdianquyudetuchushengtaiwenti,yindizhiyiquedinglvhuafangshi。changjiang、huanghedengdajiangdahedeyuantou、ganzhiliu、zuoyouanyaojiaqiangfengshanyulinyucao,tuijinshuiyuanhanyanglin、shuitubaochilinjianshehexiaoliuyuzonghezhili;beifangfangshadaiyaojiadafengjinbaohulidu,jiansheyiguancaoweizhu、qiaoguancaohelidapeidelincaozhibei;qingzanggaoyuanquyaoyangebaohuyuanshengzhibei,zhuyaoyikaoziranhuifutianranlincaozhibei,shidukaizhantuihuatudizhili、kuangshanshengtaixiufuherengongcaochangjianshe;haiandaiyaojiaqiangyanhaifanghulintixijianshe,jijituijinchengxianglvhuameihua;dongbeisenlindaiyaojiadatianranlinbaohuxiufulidu;nanfangqiulingshandidaiyaotuijinshuituliushiheshimohuazonghezhili,jingzhuntishengsenlinzhiliang,goujianwendinggaoxiaoduogongnengdelincaoshengtaixitong,zhulaoshengtaipingzhang。(guojialincaoju、ziranziyuanbu、zhufangchengxiangjianshebu、shuilibudenganzhizefengongfuze)

(jiu)wenbuyouxukaizhantuigenghuanlinhuancao。jinyibuwanshantuigenghuanlinhuancaozhengce,jianlichangxiaojizhi,qieshigonggutuigenghuanlinhuancaochengguo。luoshiguowuyuanyipizhunde25duyishangpogengdi、doupotitian、zhongyaoshuiyuandi15—25dupogengdi、yanzhongshahuagengdi、yanzhongwurangengdidetuigenghuanlinhuancaorenwu。xiangguanzhuguanbumenyaozuohaotuigengdikuaidetudiyongtubiangenghebudongchanbiangengdengjigongzuo。kaizhantuigenghuanlinhuancaoyaojieheshengtaijianshehechanyefazhanxuyao,chongfenkaolvqunzhongyiyuan,jiangushengtaihejingjixiaoyi。kexuefazhantesejingjilinguo、huahuimiaomu、linxiajingjidenglvsefuminchanye,shixianjingjifazhanheminshenggaishanliangxingxunhuan。(guojiafazhangaigewei、caizhengbu、guojialincaoju、ziranziyuanbu、nongyenongcunbudenganzhizefengongfuze)

(shi)jiejianwushituijinchengxianglvhua。chongfenliyongchengxiangfeiqidi、bianjiaodi、fangqianwuhoudengjianfengchalv,tuijinlitilvhua,zuodaoyinglvjinlv。zengqiangchengxianglvdidexitongxing、xietongxing,goujianlvdaowangluo,shixianchengxianglvdilianjieguantong。jiadachengxianggongyuanlvdijianshelidu,xingchengbujuhelidegongyuantixi。tishengchengxianglvdishengtaigongneng,youxiaofahuilvdifuwujuminxiuxianyouqi、tiyujianshen、fangzaibixiandengzonghegongneng。tuiguangkangnixingqiang、yanghuchengbendidedibeizhiwu,tichangzhongzhidihaoshuicaoping,jianshaozhongzhigaohaoshuicaoping。jiadayangliufeixu、zhiminhuafendengfangzhiyanjiuhezhililidu,tishengchengxiangjuminlvseyijuganshou。gulinongcun“sipang”(shuipang、lupang、cunpang、zhaipang)zhongzhixiangtuzhenguishuzhong,dazaoshengtaiyijudemeilixiangcun。xuanzeshiduguigedemiaomu,chubixujieganzaizhideshuzhongwai,yingshiyongquanguanmiao。zunzhongziranguilv,jianjuefandui“dashujincheng”dengjigongjinlixingwei,bimianpianmianzhuiqiujingguanhua,qiejixingzhengminglingxiazhihui,yanjintuolishiji、puzhanglangfei、laominshangcaigaolvhuademianzigongcheng、xingxianggongcheng。(zhufangchengxiangjianshebu、ziranziyuanbu、guojialincaoju、jiaotongyunshubudenganzhizefengongfuze)

(shiyi)gonggutishenglvhuazhilianghechengxiao。gediyaoduixinzaoyoulindijinxingfengshanyulin,jiaqiangfuyuguanhu、buzhibuzao,jianliwanshanlvhuahouqiyanghuguanhuzhiduhetourujizhi,tigaochenglinlv。guoyoulinyeqishiyedanweiyaokexuebianzhisenlinjingyingfangan,kexue、guifan、kechixukaizhansenlinjingyinghuodong。gulifazhanjiatinglinchang、gufenhezuolinchangdeng,zhichiguoyoulinchangchangwaizaolin,jijituidongjitilinshiduguimojingying。shishisenlinzhiliangjingzhuntishenggongcheng,jiadasenlinfuyu、tuihualinxiufulidu,youhuasenlinjiegouhegongneng,tigaosenlinshengtaixitongzhiliang、wendingxinghetanhuinengli。jiadarengongzhenxiechunlingaizaolidu,kaizhanjiankangsenlinjianshe,zengqiangsongcaixianchongbingdengyouhaishengwuzaihaifangkongnengli。jiaqiangsenlincaoyuanfanghuojichunenglijianshe。shishicaoyuanbaohuxiufuzhongdagongcheng,jiakuaituihuacaoyuanhuifu,tishengcaoyuanshengtaigongnengheshengchannengli。caiquyouchangfangshiheliliyongguoyousenlin、caoyuanjijingguanziyuankaizhanshengtailvyou、senlinkangyangdeng,tigaolincaoziyuanzonghexiaoyi。qianghualindicaodiyongtuguanzhi,yanlichachuluankanlanfa、feifakaiken、feifaqinzhanlindicaodihegongyuanlvdidengweifaxingwei。yangebaohuxiufugushumingmujiqiziranshengjing,duigushumingmushixingguapaibaohu,jishiqiangjiufuzhuang。(guojialincaoju、zhufangchengxiangjianshebudenganzhizefengongfuze)

(shier)chuangxinkaizhanjiancepingjia。yijuguotukongjianguihua“yizhangtu”,jianglvhuarenwuhelvhuachengguoluodaoshidi、luodaotuban、luodaoshujuku,zhongdianshengtaibaohuxiufugongchengyaotuijinzuoyeshejibianzhi、shigong、jianchayanshouquanguochengjianguan,quanmianjiancelincaoziyuanzhuangkuangbianhua。goujiantiankongdiyitihuazonghejiancepingjiatixi,yunyongziranziyuandiaocha、lincaoziyuanjiancejiniandugengxinchengguo,tishengguotulvhuazhuangkuangjiancexinxihuajingzhunhuashuiping。anzhaolincaoyitihuayaoqiuyindizhiyishedingpingjiazhibiao,zhidingguotulvhuachengxiaopingjiabanfa,kexuepingjiaguotulvhuachengxiao。(guojialincaoju、ziranziyuanbudenganzhizefengongfuze)

三、保障措施

(shisan)wanshanzhengcejizhi。gejirenminzhengfuyaohelianpaizijin,jiangguotulvhualieruyusuan,buduanyouhuatouzijiegou。gulidifangcaiquyijiangdaibu、daikuantiexidengfangshichuangxinguotulvhuatourujizhi,shixingchayihuacaizhengbuzhuzhengce,zhichiyindaoyingzaohunjiaolin、zaihanquyingzaoguanmulin、zaitiaojianshiyidiqufeibozaolinhefengshanyulin、shiyongxiangtuzhenguishuzhongyumiaozaolin、shishituihuacaoyuanzhongcaogailiangdeng。zhongyangcaizhengjixutongguozaolinbuzhudengzijinqudaozhichixiangcunlvhua。zaibuxinzengyinxingzhaiwudeqiantixia,gulijinrongjigouchuangxinjinrongchanpinhefuwufangshi,zhichishehuizibenyifayiguicanyuguotulvhuaheshengtaibaohuxiufu。zhidinglinyecaoyuantanhuixingdongfangan,shenhuajitilinquanzhidugaige,jiakuaijianlishengtaichanpinjiazhishixianjizhi,wanshanshengtaibuchangjizhi。(guojiafazhangaigewei、caizhengbu、renminyinxing、guojialincaojudenganzhizefengongfuze)

(shisi)jianquanguanlizhidu。wanshantudizhichizhengce,duijizhonglianpiankaizhanguotulvhua、shengtaixiufudadaoyidingguimoheyuqimubiaodejingyingzhuti,kezaifuheguotukongjianguihuadeqiantixia,zaiyifabanliyongdishenpihegongdishouxuhou,jiangyidingdezhilimianjiyongyushengtailvyou、senlinkangyangdengxiangguanchanyekaifa。tansuotedachengshi、chaodachengshidegongyuanlvdiyifabanliyongdishouxudanbunaruchengxiangjiansheyongdiguimoguanlidexinjizhi。wanshanlinmucaifaguanlizhengce,youxianbaozhangsenlinfuyu、tuihualinxiufu、linfengengxingaizaodengcaifaxuqiu,cujinsenlinzhiliangtishenghezaihaifangkong;fanghuorengongshangpinlinzizhujingying,guimojingyingderengongshangpinlinkedandubianzhisenlincaifaxiane,tongyinaruniancaifaxianeguanli。jiangzaolinlvhuahouqiguanhunarushengtaihulin(cao)yuanzhizefanwei,bingyushengtaihulin(cao)yuanjixiaoguagou。wanshanbingluoshicaoyuanchengbaojingyingzhidu,mingquesuoyouquan、shiyongquan,wendingchengbaoquan,fanghuojingyingquan,guifancaoyuanjingyingquanliuzhuan,yashizerenzhuti,chixugaishancaoyuanshengtaizhuangkuang。(ziranziyuanbu、guojialincaojudenganzhizefengongfuze)

(shiwu)qianghuakejizhicheng。kaizhanlincaozhongzhiziyuanpuchahelinmuliangzhong、caopinzhongshending,jiaqiangzhongyaoxiangtushuzhongcaozhongziyuanshoujibaohu、kaifaliyong、zhongmiaofanyudengguanjianjishuhesheshiyanfa。youhuawanshanguotulvhuajishubiaozhuntixi。jianquanshengtaidingweiguancejiancetixi。tongguoguojiakejijihua(zhuanxiang、jijindeng),kaizhansongcaixianchongbingdengzhongdayouhaishengwuzaihaifangkong、linshuiguanxi、xiangtuzhenxishuzhongkuofandengkejigongguan。jiadaguotulvhuaheshengtaibaohuxiufujixiezhuangbeiyanfalidu。linxuanchubei、tuiguangshishiyipishiyongguanyongdeshengtaibaohuxiufukejichengguozhuanhuaxiangmu。(guojialincaoju、kejibudenganzhizefengongfuze)

(shiliu)jiaqiangzuzhilingdao。quanmiantuixinglinchangzhi,mingquedifanglingdaoganbubaohufazhansenlincaoyuanziyuanmubiaozeren。difanggejirenminzhengfuyaoqieshilvxingkexuelvhuazhutizeren,mingquexiangguanbumendemubiaorenwuheluoshicuoshi。gejilvhuaweiyuanhuiyaochongfenfahuizuzhilingdao、xuanchuanfadong、xiediaozhidaodengzuoyong,qianghuaguotulvhuaguanli、jiandujiancha、kaohepingjiadenggongzuo,chizhiyihengtuijinquanminyiwuzhishu。duikexuelvhuachengxiaoxianzhudedanweihegeren,anzhaoguojiayouguanguidinggeiyubiaozhang、jiangli。duiweibeikexueguilvhequnzhongyiyuangaolvhuadecuowuxingwei,yaojishizhizhijiuzheng;duizaochengbuliangyingxiangheyanzhonghouguode,yaoyifayiguizhuize。guangfankaizhanxuanchuanjiaoyu,hongyangkexuelvhualinian,pujikexuelvhuazhishi,changdaojiejianwushilvhuafengqi,shulizhengquedelvhuafazhanguanzhengjiguan。jiaqiangyulunyindao,jijihuiyingshehuiguanqie,yingzaokexuelvhuadelianghaofenwei。(gexiangguanbumenanzhizefengongfuze)

guowuyuanbangongting

2021nian5yue18ri

(cijiangongkaifabu)

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