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國務院辦公廳關于加強草原保護修復的若干意見

發布時間: 2021-06-10 16:57 信息來源: 中國政府網 責任編輯: 國務院辦公廳 點擊量: 1

國務院辦公廳關于加強草原保護修復的若干意見

國辦發〔2021〕7號

gesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashirenminzhengfu,guowuyuangebuwei、gezhishujigou:

caoyuanshiwoguozhongyaodeshengtaixitongheziranziyuan,zaiweihuguojiashengtaianquan、bianjiangwending、minzutuanjiehecujinjingjishehuikechixufazhan、nongmuminzengshoudengfangmianjuyoujichuxing、zhanlvexingzuoyong。dangdeshibadayilai,caoyuanbaohuxiufugongzuoqudexianzhuchengxiao,caoyuanshengtaichixuehuadezhuangkuangdedaochubuezhi,bufendiqucaoyuanshengtaimingxianhuifu。dandangqianwoguocaoyuanshengtaixitongzhengtirengjiaocuiruo,baohuxiufulidubugou、liyongguanlishuipingbugao、kejizhichengnenglibuzu、caoyuanziyuandishubuqingdengwentiyirantuchu,caoyuanshengtaixingshiyiranyanjun。weijinyibujiaqiangcaoyuanbaohuxiufu,jiakuaituijinshengtaiwenmingjianshe,jingguowuyuantongyi,xiantichuyixiayijian。

一、總體要求

(yi)zhidaosixiang。yixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,quanmianguanchedangdeshijiudaheshijiujieerzhong、sanzhong、sizhong、wuzhongquanhuijingshen,shenruguanchexijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiang,jianchilvshuiqingshanjiushijinshanyinshan、shanshuilintianhucaoshiyigeshengminggongtongti,anzhaojieyueyouxian、baohuyouxian、ziranhuifuweizhudefangzhen,yiwanshancaoyuanbaohuxiufuzhidu、tuijincaoyuanzhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuaweizhuxian,jiaqiangcaoyuanbaohuguanli,tuijincaoyuanshengtaixiufu,cujincaoyuanheliliyong,gaishancaoyuanshengtaizhuangkuang,tuidongcaoyuandiqulvsefazhan,weijiansheshengtaiwenminghemeilizhongguodiandingzhongyaojichu。

(er)gongzuoyuanze。

jianchizunzhongziran,baohuyouxian。zunxunshunyingshengtaixitongyantiguilvheneizaijili,cujincaoyuanxiuyangshengxi,weihuziranshengtaixitonganquanwending。yilinzelin、yicaozecao,lincaoyoujijiehe。babaohucaoyuanshengtaifangzaigengjiatuchudeweizhi,quanmianweihuhetishengcaoyuanshengtaigongneng。

jianchixitongzhili,fenqushice。caiquzonghecuoshiquanmianbaohu、xitongxiufucaoyuanshengtaixitong,tongshizhuzhongyindizhiyi、tuchuzhongdian,zengqiangcaoyuanbaohuxiufudexitongxing、zhenduixing、changxiaoxing。

jianchikexueliyong,lvsefazhan。zhengquechulibaohuyuliyongdeguanxi,zaibaohuhaocaoyuanshengtaidejichushang,kexueliyongcaoyuanziyuan,cujincaoyuandiqulvsefazhanhenongmuminzengshou。

jianchizhengfuzhudao,quanmincanyu。mingquedifanggejirenminzhengfubaohuxiufucaoyuandezhudaodiwei,luoshilin(cao)changzhi,chongfenfahuinongmumindezhutizuoyong,jijiyindaoquanshehuicanyucaoyuanbaohuxiufu。

(san)zhuyaomubiao。dao2025nian,caoyuanbaohuxiufuzhidutixijibenjianli,caochumaodunmingxianhuanjie,caoyuantuihuaqushidedaogenbenezhi,caoyuanzonghezhibeigaiduwendingzai57%zuoyou,caoyuanshengtaizhuangkuangchixugaishan。dao2035nian,caoyuanbaohuxiufuzhidutixigengjiawanshan,jibenshixiancaochupingheng,tuihuacaoyuandedaoyouxiaozhilihexiufu,caoyuanzonghezhibeigaiduwendingzai60%zuoyou,caoyuanshengtaigongnengheshengchangongnengxianzhutisheng,zaimeilizhongguojianshezhongdezuoyongzhangxian。dao21shijizhongxie,tuihuacaoyuandedaoquanmianzhilihexiufu,caoyuanshengtaixitongshixianliangxingxunhuan,xingchengrenyuziranhexiegongshengdexingeju。

二、工作措施

(si)jianlicaoyuandiaochatixi。wanshancaoyuandiaochazhidu,zhengheyouhuacaoyuandiaochaduiwu,jianquancaoyuandiaochajishubiaozhuntixi。zaidisanciquanguoguotudiaochajichushang,shishizuzhikaizhancaoyuanziyuanzhuanxiangdiaocha,quanmianchaqingcaoyuanleixing、quanshu、mianji、fenbu、zhiliangyijiliyongzhuangkuangdengdishu,jianlicaoyuanguanlijibendangan。(ziranziyuanbu、guojialincaojufuze)

(wu)jianquancaoyuanjiancepingjiatixi。jianliwanshancaoyuanjiancepingjiaduiwu、jishuhebiaozhuntixi。jiaqiangcaoyuanjiancewangluojianshe,chongfenliyongyaoganweixingdengshujuziyuan,goujiankongtiandiyitihuacaoyuanjiancewangluo,qianghuacaoyuandongtaijiance。jianquancaoyuanjiancepingjiashujuhuijiao、dingqifabuhexinxigongxiangjizhi。jiaqiangcaoyuantongji,wanshancaoyuantongjizhibiaohefangfa。(guojialincaoju、ziranziyuanbu、shengtaihuanjingbu、guojiatongjijudenganzhizefengongfuze)

(liu)bianzhicaoyuanbaohuxiufuliyongguihua。anzhaoyindizhiyi、fenqushicedeyuanze,yijuguotukongjianguihua,bianzhiquanguocaoyuanbaohuxiufuliyongguihua,mingquecaoyuangongnengfenqu、baohumubiaoheguanlicuoshi。heliguihuamumindingjudian,fangzhichuxiandingjudianzhoubiancaoyuantuihuawenti。difanggejirenminzhengfuyaoyijushangyijiguihua,bianzhibenxingzhengquyucaoyuanbaohuxiufuliyongguihuabingzuzhishishi。(guojialincaoju、ziranziyuanbu、shengtaihuanjingbudenganzhizefengongfuze)

(qi)jiadacaoyuanbaohulidu。luoshijibencaoyuanbaohuzhidu,baweihuguojiashengtaianquan、baozhangcaoyuanchumuyejiankangfazhansuoxuzuijiben、zuizhongyaodecaoyuanhuadingweijibencaoyuan,shishigengjiayangedebaohuheguanli,quebaojibencaoyuanmianjibujianshao、zhiliangbuxiajiang、yongtubugaibian。yangeluoshishengtaibaohuhongxianzhiduheguotukongjianyongtuguanzhizhidu。jiadazhifajiandulidu,jianlijianquancaoyuanlianhezhifajizhi,yanlidaji、jianjueezhigeleifeifajizhancaoyuanshengtaikongjian、luankailankencaoyuandengxingwei。jianlijianquancaoyuanzhifazerenzhuijiuzhidu,yangeluoshicaoyuanshengtaihuanjingsunhaipeichangzhidu。jiaqiangkuangzangkaicai、gongchengjianshedengzhengzhanyongcaoyuanshenheshenpiguanli,qianghuayuantouguankongheshizhongshihoujianguan。yifaguifanguimohuayangzhichangdengsheshijianshezhanyongcaoyuanxingwei。wanshanluoshijinmuxiumuhecaochupinghengzhidu,yifachachuchaozaiguomuhejinmuxiumuqiweiguifangmuxingwei。zuzhikaizhancaochupinghengshifanxianjianshe,zongjietuiguangshixiancaochupinghengdejingyanhemoshi。(guojialincaoju、ziranziyuanbu、shengtaihuanjingbu、nongyenongcunbudenganzhizefengongfuze)

(ba)wanshancaoyuanziranbaohuditixi。zhengheyouhuajianlicaoyuanleixingziranbaohudi,shixingzhengtibaohu、chabiehuaguanli。kaizhanziranbaohudiziranziyuanquequandengji,zaiziranbaohudihexinbaohuqu,yuanzeshangjinzhirenweihuodong;zaiziranbaohudiyibankongzhiquhecaoyuanzirangongyuan,shixingfumianqingdanguanli,guifanshengchanshenghuohelvyoudenghuodong,zengqiangcaoyuanshengtaixitongdewanzhengxingheliantongxing,weiyeshengdongzhiwushengcunfanyanliuxiakongjian,youxiaobaohushengwuduoyangxing。(guojialincaoju、ziranziyuanbu、shengtaihuanjingbudenganzhizefengongfuze)

(jiu)jiakuaituijincaoyuanshengtaixiufu。shishicaoyuanshengtaixiufuzhili,jiakuaituihuacaoyuanzhibeiheturanghuifu,tishengcaoyuanshengtaigongnengheshengchangongneng。zaiyanzhongchaozaiguomudiqu,caiqujinmufengyu、miangengbubo、songtushifei、shuchonghaifangzhidengcuoshi,cujincaoyuanzhibeihuifu。duiyikencaoyuan,anzhaoguowuyuanpizhundefanweiheguimo,youjihuadituigenghuancao。zaishuitutiaojianshiyidiqu,shishituihuacaoyuanshengtaixiufu,gulihezhichirengongcaodijianshe,huifutishengcaoyuanshengchannengli,zhichiyouzhichubeisicaojidijianshe,cujincaoyuanshengtaixiufuyucaoyuanchumuyegaozhiliangfazhanyoujironghe。qianghuacaoyuanshengwuzaihaijianceyujing,jiaqiangcaoyuanyouhaishengwujiwailairuqinwuzhongfangzhi,buduantigaolvsefangzhishuiping。wanshancaoyuanhuozaitufashijianyingjiyuan,jiaqiangcaoyuanhuoqingjianceyujinghehuozaifangkong。jianquancaoyuanshengtaibaohuxiufujianguanzhidu。(guojialincaoju、ziranziyuanbu、yingjibu、shengtaihuanjingbu、nongyenongcunbudenganzhizefengongfuze)

(shi)tongchoutuijinlincaoshengtaizhili。anzhaoshanshuilintianhucaozhengtibaohu、xitongxiufu、zonghezhilideyaoqiuheyilinzelin、yicaozecao、yihuangzehuangdeyuanze,tongchoutuijinsenlin、caoyuanbaohuxiufuhehuangmohuazhili。zaiganhanbanganhandiqu,jianchiyishuidinglv,caiquyicaoguanweizhu、lincaojiehefangshihuifuzhibei,zengqiangshengtaixitongwendingxing。zailincaojiaocuodidai,yingzaolincaofuhezhibei,bimianguofenqiangdiaojizhonglianpianhegaomiduzaolin。zaisenlinqu,shidangbaoliulinjianhelinyuancaodi,xingchenglindi、caodixiangqianfenbudefuheshengtaixitong。zaicaoyuanqu,duishengtaixitongcuiruo、shengtaiquweizhongyaodetuihuacaoyuan,jiaqiangshengtaixiufuhebaohuguanli,gonggushengtaizhilichengguo。yanjiushezhilincaofugailvzhibiao,yongyukaohepingjiagedishengtaijianshechengxiao。(guojialincaojufuze)

(shiyi)dalifazhancaozhongye。jianlijianquanguojiacaozhongzhiziyuanbaohuliyongtixi,gulidifangkaizhancaozhongzhiziyuanpucha,jianlicaozhongzhiziyuanku、ziyuanpujiyuanshengjingbaohuweiyitidebaocuntixi,wanshancaozhongzhiziyuanshoujibaocun、pingjiajianding、chuangxinliyonghexinxigongxiangdejishutixi。jiaqiangyouliangcaozhongtebieshiyouzhixiangtucaozhongxuanyu、kuofan、chubeihetuiguangliyong,buduantigaocaozhongzigeilv,manzucaoyuanshengtaixiufuyongzhongxuyao。wanshancaopinzhongshendingzhidu,jiaqiangcaozhongzhiliangjianguan。(guojialincaojufuze)

(shier)heliliyongcaoyuanziyuan。muquyaoyishixiancaochupinghengweimubiao,youhuachuqunjiegou,kongzhifangmushengchushuliang,tigaokexuesiyanghefangmuguanlishuiping,jianqingtianrancaoyuanfangmuyali。bannongbanmuquyaoyindizhiyijiansheduonianshengrengongcaodi,fazhanshiduguimojingying。nongquyaojiehetuigenghuancao、caotianlunzuodenggongzuo,dalifazhanrengongcaodi,tigaosicaogonggeinengli,fazhanguimohua、biaozhunhuayangzhi。jiakuaizhuanbianchuantongcaoyuanchumuyeshengchanfangshi,youhuamuqu、bannongbanmuquhenongquziyuanpeizhi,tuixing“muqufanyu、nongquyufei”dengshengchanmoshi,tigaoziyuanliyongxiaolv。fazhanxiandaicaoye,zhichicaochanpinjiagongyefazhan,jianliwanshancaochanpinzhiliangbiaozhuntixi。qianghuanongmuminpeixun,tishengkexuebaohu、heliliyongcaoyuandenenglishuiping。(nongyenongcunbu、guojialincaojudenganzhizefengongfuze)

(shisan)wanshancaoyuanchengbaojingyingzhidu。jiakuaituijincaoyuanquequandengjibanzheng。muqubanmuquyaozhuzhongjiejuecaoyuanchengbaodikuaisizhibuqing、zhengdibufu、jiaochazhongdiedengwenti。caoyuanmianjijiaoxiao、lingxingfenbudiqu,yaoyindizhiyicaiqulinghuoduoyangfangshiluoshiwanshancaoyuanchengbaojingyingzhidu,mingquezerenzhuti。jiaqiangcaoyuanchengbaojingyingguanli,mingquesuoyouquan、shiyongquan,wendingchengbaoquan,fanghuojingyingquan。guifancaoyuanjingyingquanliuzhuan,yindaogulianzhaofangmuxitongdanyuanshixinghezuojingying,tigaocaoyuanhelijingyingliyongshuiping。zailuoshicaoyuanchengbaojingyingzhiduheguifanjingyingquanliuzhuanshi,yaochongfenkaolvcaoyuanshengtaixitongdewanzhengxing,fangzhicaoyuansuipianhua。(guojialincaoju、ziranziyuanbudenganzhizefengongfuze)

(shisi)wentuotuijinguoyoucaoyuanziyuanyouchangshiyongzhidugaige。heliquedingguoyoucaoyuanyouchangshiyongfanwei。younongcunjitijingjizuzhichengyuanshixingjiatinghuozhelianhuchengbaojingyingshiyongdeguoyoucaoyuan,bunaruyouchangshiyongfanwei,danxuyaomingqueshiyongzhebaohucaoyuandeyiwu。yingqiandingxieyimingqueguoyoucaoyuansuoyouquandailixingshizhutiheshiyongquanrenbingluoshishuangfangquanliyiwu。tansuochuangxinguoyoucaoyuansuoyouzhequanyideyouxiaoshixianxingshi,guoyoucaoyuansuoyouquandailixingshizhutiyizujin、texujingyingfei、jingyingshouyifenhongdengfangshishouquyouchangshiyongfei,bingjianlishouyifenpeijizhi。jiangyouchangshiyongqingkuangnarunianduguoyouzichanbaogao。(guojialincaoju、ziranziyuanbu、guojiafazhangaigewei、caizhengbudenganzhizefengongfuze)

(shiwu)tuidongcaoyuandiqulvsefazhan。kexuetuijincaoyuanziyuanduogongnengliyong,jiakuaifazhanlvseditanchanye,nulituokuannongmuminzengshouqudao。chongfenfahuicaoyuanshengtaihewenhuagongneng,dazaoyipicaoyuanlvyoujingqu、dujiadihejingpinlvyouxianlu,tuidongcaoyuanlvyouheshengtaikangyangchanyefazhan。yindaozhichicaoyuandiqudishoururenkoutongguocanyucaoyuanbaohuxiufuzengjiashouru。(guojialincaoju、wenhuahelvyoubu、guojiaxiangcunzhenxingjudenganzhizefengongfuze)

三、保障措施

(shiliu)tishengkejizhichengnengli。tongguoguojiakejijihua,zhichicaoyuankejichuangxin,kaizhancaoyuanbaohuxiufuzhongdawentiyanjiu,jinkuaizaituihuacaoyuanxiufuzhili、shengtaixitongzhongjian、shengtaifuwujiazhipinggu、zhihuicaoyuanjianshedengfangmianqudetupo,zhulijiejuecaoyuanbaohuxiufukejizhichengnenglibuzuwenti。jiaqiangcaopinzhongxuanyu、caozhongshengchan、tuihuacaoyuanzhibeihuifu、rengongcaodijianshe、caoyuanyouhaishengwufangzhidengguanjianjishuhezhuangbeiyanfatuiguang。jianlijianquancaoyuanbaohuxiufujishubiaozhuntixi。jiaqiangcaoyuanxuekejianshehegaosuzhizhuanyerencaipeiyang。jiaqiangcaoyuanzhongdianshiyanshi、changqikeyanjidi、dingweiguancezhan、chuangxinlianmengdengpingtaijianshe,goujianchanxueyantuiyongxiediaojizhi,tigaocaoyuankejichengguozhuanhuaxiaolv。jiaqiangcaoyuanbaohuxiufuguojihezuoyujiaoliu,jijicanyuquanqiushengtaizhili。(kejibu、jiaoyubu、guojialincaojudenganzhizefengongfuze)

(shiqi)wanshanfalvfaguitixi。jiakuaituidongcaoyuanfaxiugai,yanjiuzhidingjibencaoyuanbaohuxiangguanguiding,tuidongdifangxingfaguizhixiuding,jianquancaoyuanbaohuxiufuzhidutixi。jiadacaoyuanfalvfaguiguancheshishilidu,jianlijianquanweifajubao、anjiandubandengjizhi,yifadajigeleipohuaicaoyuandeweifaxingwei。wanshancaoyuanxingzhengzhifayuxingshisifaxianjiejizhi,yifachengzhipohuaicaoyuandefanzuixingwei。(guojialincaoju、ziranziyuanbu、shengtaihuanjingbu、sifabu、gonganbudenganzhizefengongfuze)

(shiba)jiadazhengcezhichilidu。jianlijianquancaoyuanbaohuxiufucaizhengtourubaozhangjizhi,jiadazhongyangcaizhengduizhongdianshengtaigongnengquzhuanyizhifulidu。jianquancaoyuanshengtaibaohubuchangjizhi。difanggejirenminzhengfuyaobacaoyuanbaohuxiufujixiangguanjichusheshijianshenarujibenjiansheguihua,jiadatourulidu,wanshanbuzhuzhengce。tansuokaizhancaoyuanshengtaijiazhipingguhezichanhesuan。gulijinrongjigouchuangsheshihecaoyuantediandejinrongchanpin,qianghuajinrongzhichi。gulidifangtansuokaizhancaoyuanzhengcexingbaoxianshidian。gulishehuizibenshelicaoyuanbaohujijin,canyucaoyuanbaohuxiufu。(guojialincaoju、guojiafazhangaigewei、caizhengbu、ziranziyuanbu、shengtaihuanjingbu、nongyenongcunbu、shuilibu、renminyinxing、yinbaojianhuidenganzhizefengongfuze)

(shijiu)jiaqiangguanliduiwujianshe。jinyibuzhenghejiaqiang、wendingzhuangdajicengcaoyuanguanlihejishutuiguangduiwu,tishengjianduguanlihegonggongfuwunengli。zhongdiancaoyuandiquyaoqianghuacaoyuanjianguanzhifa,jiaqiangzhifarenyuanpeixun,tishengzhifajiandunengli。jiaqiangcaoyuanguanhuyuanduiwujiansheguanli,chongfenfahuizuoyong。zhichishehuihuafuwuzuzhifazhan,chongfenfahuicaoyuanzhuanyexuehui、xiehuidengshehuizuzhizaizhengcezixun、xinxifuwu、kejituiguang、xingyezilvdengfangmianzuoyong。(guojialincaoju、ziranziyuanbu、renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbu、minzhengbudenganzhizefengongfuze)

si、zuzhilingdao

(ershi)jiaqiangduicaoyuanbaohuxiufugongzuodelingdao。difanggejirenminzhengfuyaojinyibutigaorenshi,qieshibacaoyuanbaohuxiufugongzuobaizaizhongyaoweizhi,jiaqiangzuzhilingdao,zhoumianpaibushu,quebaoqudeshixiao。shengjirenminzhengfuduibenxingzhengquyucaoyuanbaohuxiufugongzuofuzongze,shixingshi(di、zhou、meng)、xian(shi、qu、qi)renminzhengfumubiaozerenzhi。yaobacaoyuanchengbaojingying、jibencaoyuanbaohu、caochupingheng、jinmuxiumudengzhiduluoshiqingkuangnarudifanggejirenminzhengfuniandumubiaokaohe,xihuakaohezhibiao,yashidifangzeren。

(ershiyi)luoshibumenzeren。geyouguanbumenyaogenjuzhizefengong,renzhenzuohaocaoyuanbaohuxiufuxiangguangongzuo。gejilinyehecaoyuanzhuguanbumenyaoshiyingshengtaiwenmingtizhigaigexinxingshi,jinyibuzhuanbianzhineng,qieshijiaqiangduicaoyuanbaohuxiufugongzuodeguanli、fuwuhejiandu,jishiyanjiujiejuezhongdawenti。

(ershier)yindaoquanshehuiguanxinzhichicaoyuanshiyefazhan。shenrukaizhancaoyuanpufaxuanchuanhekepuhuodong,guangfanxuanchuancaoyuandezhongyaoshengtai、jingji、shehuihewenhuagongneng,buduanzengqiangquanshehuiguanxinguanaicaoyuanheyifabaohucaoyuandeyishi,hangshijiaqiangcaoyuanbaohuxiufudequnzhongjichu。chongfenfahuizhongcaohucaozaiguotulvhuazhongdezhongyaozuoyong,jijidongyuanshehuizuzhihequnzhongcanyucaoyuanbaohuxiufu。

guowuyuanbangongting

2021nian3yue12ri

相關解讀: 國務院辦公廳印發《關于加強草原保護修復的若干意見》http://tryingtogrok.com/zwgk/15234/content_3291659.html

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